Ubicación y Operación Eficiente de Almacenadores de Energía en Micro-redes en Presencia de Generación Distribuida

  • O.D. Montoya Giraldo Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira
  • A. Grajales XM compañía de expertos
  • L.F Grisales Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano
  • C. A. Castro Universidad Estatal de Campinas

Resumen

En este trabajo se propone una metodología eficiente para la localización y operación óptima de almacenadores de energía (AE) en micro-redes (MR) a través de un modelo de programación lineal entera mixta (MPLEM). El modelo matemático desarrollado corresponde a un modelo de despacho económico para miro-redes (DEMR) con presencia de generación distribuida (GD) a partir de recursos energéticos renovables. Como función objetivo se considera la minimización de los costos de compra de energía en la bolsa por parte del agente operador de red, teniendo en cuenta dos escenarios de operación; el primero considera un precio de energía fijo; y el segundo, precios variables en el nodo que conecta la MR al sistema de potencia para un horizonte operativo de 24 horas. Como restricciones se consideran los flujos de potencia por la línea a través de un modelo de flujo en redes, las capacidades de almacenamiento de los AE y las capacidades horarias de generación de potencia en los GD. Para resolver el MPLEM propuesto se emplea el paquete de optimización comercial GAMS, empleando el solver CPLEX. La metodología propuesta permite localizar, dimensionar y operar los AE, considerando como horizonte de operación, un día típico laboral en Colombia, adicionalmente se tienen en cuenta diferentes consignas operativas en la operación de los AE según los estándares existentes. Con el fin de conocer las variables de estado de la MR, es empleado un flujo de potencia del tipo barrido iterativo para evaluar las respuestas obtenidas por el MPLEM. Esta evaluación permite hallar los costos operativos reales de la MR. Para validar el modelo matemático propuesto es empleado un sistema de prueba de la literatura especializada de 7 nodos con presencia de dos generadores distribuidos, siendo uno de tipo fotovoltaico y el otro tipo eólico. Los resultados obtenidos muestran la eficiencia de la metodología propuesta, así como su facilidad de implementación y la capacidad de adaptación para sistemas de mayor tamaño.

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Publicado
2017-10-02
##submission.howToCite##
MONTOYA GIRALDO, O.D. et al. Ubicación y Operación Eficiente de Almacenadores de Energía en Micro-redes en Presencia de Generación Distribuida. Revista CINTEX, [S.l.], v. 22, n. 1, p. 97-117, oct. 2017. ISSN 2422-2208. Disponible en: <http://www.pascualbravo.edu.co:5056/cintexpb/index.php/cintex/article/view/290>. Fecha de acceso: 21 apr. 2018
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ARTÍCULOS DE INVESTIGACIÓN / RESEARCH PAPERS